(02)属物质的祝福

约翰.加尔文    基督教教义 

John Calvin  Institutes of the Christian Religion 

第二卷        第十一章      第一段              (节录)

Book 2       Chapter 11  Section 1        (Abridged)

 

1.神从万古就喜悦他的百姓思想和仰望他们在天上的基业;然而,

   为了使他们(旧约时代)更渴望这盼望,他藉属世的福分向他们

   呈现天上的基业.但既然如今(新约时代)福音更明确地彰显

   永世的恩典,神就引领我们(新约时代的信徒)直接默想永生

   的事(属灵的应许),而不再使用他从前用来教训以色列人的影儿.

 

1.In old time, the Lord was pleased to direct the thoughts

   of his people, and raise their minds to the heavenly inheritance,

   yet, in order that their hope of it might be better maintained,

   he gave a foretaste of it under temporal, earthly blessings,

   whereas the gift of future life, now more clearly and lucidly

   revealed by the Gospel, leads our minds directly to meditate

   upon it (spiritual promises), the inferior mode of exercise

   formerly employed in regard to the Jews being now laid aside.

 

2.我们若思考保罗在加拉太书信中所做的比较,这事实就更明显.

   他将犹太国比作孩童继承人,因他还不懂得照顾自己,所以必须在

   监护人的照顾之下(加拉太书四章1-2节).虽然保罗的这比较主要是

   运用在礼仪律上,然而,我们在此将之运用在神给以色列人的应许

   也是恰当的.所以神预旨同样的基业给他们和我们,然而他们当年

   因年幼,而不能从这启示上获益.神在属世福分启示下,并没有直接

   给他们清楚的属灵应许,而是藉属世的应许预表属灵的福分.

 

2.This will better appear from the similitude which Paul uses

   in Galatians (Gal. 4:1). He compares the Jewish nation to

   an heir in pupillarity, who, as yet unfit to govern himself,

   follows the direction of a tutor or guide to whose charge

   he has been committed. Though this simile refers especially

   to ceremonies, there is nothing to prevent us from applying

   it most appropriately here also. The same inheritance was

   destined to them as to us, but from nonage they were

   incapable of entering to it, and managing it. The Lord,

   therefore kept them under this tutelage, giving them

   spiritual promises, not clear and simple, but typified

   by earthly objects.

 

3.旧约时代的属世的祝福和肉体的刑罚都是预表.神喜悦在那时

   (旧约时代)以帕子蒙住他与以色列百姓所立的恩约,而用属世

   的祝福预表将来永恒福乐的恩典,并以肉体的刑罚预表属灵之死

   的可怕.

 

3.The temporal blessings and bodily punishments in the

   old testament were types. God was pleased to indicate

   and typify both the gift of future and eternal felicity by

   earthly blessings, as well as the dreadful nature of spiritual

   death by bodily punishments, at that time when he delivered

   his covenant to the Israelites as under a kind of veil.

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